The Costa Rica rainforest is full of wonders and wildlife – you just need to know how to look. The thrill of seeing a wild animal in its natural habitat, even if only for a moment, is unparalleled.
Costa Rica hosts more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity: 208 species of mammals, 870 kinds of birds, 1,250 kinds of butterflies and 8,000 different moths, 160 species of amphibians, 220 species of reptiles, and 34,000 types of insects. You’re certain to see something! Follow these tips to increase your chances of seeing wildlife in Costa Rica.
1. Respect wildlife and their environment. This is the most important rule of all. It’s easy to have a negative impact on animals and the environment if you don’t pay attention to what you are doing. Or worse, get yourself hurt. The essential rules are:
- Keep your distance. You wouldn’t want a stranger invading your space; neither do animals. Cute and cuddly wild animals are more likely to appear in Disney movies than in real life.
- Never feed wild animals. They have their own food.
- Don’t interfere with their natural behavior at any time. Don’t be surprised if an animal gets aggressive if you try to provoke it – especially true with snakes.
- Follow the principles of “Leave no trace” to make your experience beneficial for all.
2. Be aware. When venturing into the wild, you are in Mother Nature’s territory. Pay attention to where you walk, stand, sit and touch. In the rainforest, when you stop to see that toucan in the tree, you also could be standing on an anthill – not good. Go to grab a vine and it may end up being a snake. Keep an eye out for animals so you can see them, but also so your encounter is positive.
3. Know what you are looking for. If you think you are going to see lions, tigers and bears in the Costa Rica rainforest, you definitely will be disappointed. Before you travel, read up on what wildlife lives in the area you are visiting, and ask a naturalist guide and the locals when you get there. If you know that Scarlet Macaws like to hang out in coastal almond trees, or that toucans make a funny croaking sound, it could make the difference between seeing them or not.
4. Get up early. The early bird gets the worm, or in this case, the wildlife sighting and photograph. Most activity in nature peaks at dawn and dusk, and this definitely applies in Costa Rica which swelters under a hot tropical sun in the middle of the day. For the best chance of seeing wildlife, get outside at dawn and again around sunset, lingering a bit as night falls. These also are great times for taking pictures in soft light.
5. Be quiet. If you spend the whole time on the trail chatting with your friend or family member – or worse, talking on your cell phone – you’ll never see anything. You want to see as many animals as possible, without scaring them away by being noisy.
6. Blend into your surroundings. You’ll never be able to compete with nature’s camouflage, but you can do your best to blend in. Wear muted green, brown, khaki and gray clothing in the rainforest; avoid clothing that rustles and makes noise. Having your camera and binoculars out and ready means you’re not opening zippers or Velcro at a crucial moment.
7. Patience is king. Pause and wait a while on a trail. You never know what may come wandering by, or what you notice up in a tree. That sly sloth certainly doesn’t call attention to itself. Sit still and be quiet. The rainforest around you isn’t, so it’s a chance to hear more of the tropic’s extraordinary sounds. When you see an animal, if you need to move to get a better view, do so slowly, steadily and stealthily to avoid spooking it. Again, pay attention to where you walk and stand, so you’re not on that anthill.
8. Invest in a good pair of binoculars. Having good binoculars is vital to seeing wildlife in the rainforest, especially birds. Not only do they let you see up close a speck of an animal in the distance, they also let you keep your distance to leave the animal undisturbed. A spotting scope is a step up in gear, but requires lugging it around. However, you can attach your digital camera with an adapter to the scope to capture otherwise impossible images.
Down in the southern Pacific region of Costa Rica, there is amazing rainforest to see by the Osa Peninsula, Golfo Dulce and Piedras Blancas National Park. This is the wilder side of Costa Rica – where jaguars, monkeys, sloths and Scarlet Macaws roam freely, and humpback whales and dolphins swim in calm blue waters.
When you visit Playa Nicuesa Rainforest Lodge, you can explore thriving rainforests and immaculate beaches, powerful waterfalls and a fascinating river mangrove estuary. The leading sustainable tourism eco-hotel in Costa Rica borders Piedras Blancas National Park with its 165-acre private rainforest preserve on a pristine beach and tranquil little bay of Golfo Dulce.
Article by Shannon Farley